Renewable Energy by the Numbers
Amazon's renewable energy projects helped power the 24 million MWh of electricity consumed by Amazon in 2020 and led to a 4% reduction in our carbon emissions from purchased electricity from 2019 to 2020.
232Global Renewable Energy Projects
85Utility-Scale Solar and Wind Projects
147On-Site Solar Systems
10,000 MWTotal Renewable Capacity
Our Renewable Energy Projects Around the Globe
Learn more about some of Amazon’s renewable energy projects around the globe.
Types of Renewable Energy Projects
Scaling up the use of renewable energy is central to Amazon’s strategy to decarbonize our operations. Clean energy sources, such as wind and solar, lessen Amazon’s reliance on fossil fuels to power our operations and the services we provide to customers. We procure new renewable energy beyond the existing grid mix through off-site contracts for wind and solar, on-site rooftop solar installations, and green tariffs with local utilities that result in new projects being added to the grid.
Wind and Solar ProjectsAmazon works with energy companies across the globe to bring on new renewable projects dedicated to serving our load. Many of these projects are enabled by long-term contracts such as power purchase agreements with large wind and solar projects in the same energy grids as our electricity use.
On-Site Solar SystemsAmazon installs rooftop or ground mounted solar photovoltaic systems and battery storage on buildings across our operations. Depending on the specific project, time of year, and other factors, a rooftop solar system can generate as much as 80% of a single fulfillment facility’s annual energy needs.
In 2020, Amazon announced an ambitious goal to procure new renewable energy equal to the amount of energy consumed by all Amazon devices, starting with Echo devices. We have contracted the first new wind and solar farms to support this goal, which are currently under construction and are expected to begin operating in 2022-2023. Until then, we are investing in renewable energy certificates that match the quantity of electricity used by every customer’s Echo device, based on the amount of energy we expect those new projects to generate.
Methodology and Verification
Learn more about how we calculate and verify our renewable energy use.
Renewable Energy MethodologyLearn more about how we calculate Amazon’s renewable energy use.
Renewable Energy Assurance StatementRead our Renewable Energy Assurance Statement from our third-party auditor, Apex.