Carbon-Free Energy

Transitioning to carbon-free energy is one of the most impactful ways to lower carbon emissions. As part of our commitment to reach net-zero carbon, we’re on a path to match all of the electricity powering our operations with 100% renewable energy by 2025—five years ahead of our original target of 2030.

Eight wind turbines in motion in a field at dusk.
Eight wind turbines in motion in a field at dusk.
Eight wind turbines in motion in a field at dusk.
On this Page
Our Progress
By the Numbers
Amazon is the largest corporate purchaser of renewable energy in the world
90% of the electricity consumed by Amazon in 2022 was attributable to renewable energy sources, and we remain on a path to 100% by 2025—five years ahead of our original 2030 target
We’ve announced more than 500 renewable energy projects across the globe
Our Approach

By scaling carbon-free energy, we aim to make Amazon a more resilient, sustainable business and drive a global transition to cleaner energy. To help reach our target, we aim to match all of the electricity that we use with 100% renewable energy. We contract renewable power from utility-scale wind and solar projects that add clean energy to the grid. Many of these projects are enabled by long-term contracts such as power purchase agreements for large projects in the same energy grids as our electricity use. Energy load forecasts help guide our procurement decisions. We’re also investing in other sources of clean, carbon-free energy, such as nuclear power.

Shifting to carbon-free energy requires a targeted, multifaceted approach. We’re taking actions to achieve our goals in the following ways:

  • Energy Efficiency: We innovate to continuously improve the energy efficiency of our operations and devices.
  • Scaling Renewable Energy: We invest in on-site renewables, through rooftop solar installations on buildings we operate, and off-site, through new, utility-scale wind and solar projects. We also participate in green tariff programs with utilities and pursue new renewable projects through competitive site energy contracts.
  • Energy Storage Solutions: We are expanding renewable energy storage capacity to help support grid transitions to 100% renewables.
  • Diversifying Carbon-Free Energy Sources: We’re investing in other carbon-free energy sources, including nuclear.
  • Energy Optimization: We’re improving data collection and analysis to better understand operational energy requirements. This informs our energy procurement decisions and energy optimization initiatives.
  • Advocating for Carbon-Free Energy Solutions: We engage in public policy that advances access to and the expansion of clean energy for Amazon and our customers.
Announcing 500+ Renewable Energy Projects

With more than 500 solar and wind projects globally, Amazon’s portfolio is now big enough to power 7.2 million U.S. homes each year. Hear more about our 500+ renewable energy projects from Kara Hurst, Amazon’s Vice President of Worldwide Sustainability.

Our Global Carbon-Free Energy Projects

We have more than 500 renewable energy projects across the globe, including wind farms, solar farms, and rooftop solar projects on buildings we operate. These projects will supply renewable electricity across our business, including operations facilities, corporate offices, physical stores, AWS data centers, and all financially integrated subsidiaries that support millions of customers globally.

In 2024, Amazon also began diversifying its clean energy portfolio by procuring nuclear power as an additional source of carbon-free energy.

Explore our global carbon-free energy projects using the map below.

Economic Impact
Building a Clean Energy Economy

Bringing new clean energy sources to market are not the only reason Amazon makes investments in renewable energy – the projects can also generate real economic growth in the communities in which these solar and wind farms are developed and operated.

$12.6 Billion
Investment globally from 2014-2022
$5.4 Billion
Total GDP globally from 2014-2022
Full-time equivalent jobs supported in 2022 globally
$8.8 Billion
Investment in the U.S. from 2014-2022
$4.2 Billion
Total GDP in the U.S. from 2014-2022
Full-time equivalent jobs supported in 2022 in the U.S.
In 2023, we invested in more than 100 new solar and wind projects, including the company’s first brownfield project, which will repurpose a previously polluted Maryland coal mine site into a solar farm—as well as Amazon’s first renewable energy project in South Korea, and a wind farm Brazil that has created an estimated 1,000 local jobs.

In India, Amazon accelerated its clean energy investments, and has announced seven utility-scale renewable energy projects in the country since September 2022, including a 198 megawatt (MW) wind farm in Osmanabad, making Amazon the largest corporate purchaser of renewables in India.

This work brings Amazon to more than 500 wind and solar projects globally – enough to power 7.2 million U.S. homes.
Accounting for the Energy Consumed by Amazon Devices
toaster, cutting board, Amazon Echo device on kitchen counter.

In 2020, Amazon became the first consumer electronics company to commit to addressing device electricity use through renewable energy development, starting with our Echo devices. We’re making additional large-scale investments in wind and solar farm capacity to produce the clean energy equivalent to the electricity used by all Echos, Fire TV, and Ring devices worldwide by 2025. We’re also working with suppliers to increase their use of renewable energy in manufacturing Amazon devices.

Supporting a Just Clean Energy Transition

We have a unique role to play in supporting a just, equitable, and sustainable clean energy transition. In 2022, Amazon became a founding member of Beyond the Megawatt—an initiative by the Clean Energy Buyers Institute to maximize the environmental and social benefits of the clean energy transition. As a member, we support Beyond the Megawatt’s efforts to address resilience, social equity, and environmental protection issues by scaling impact-oriented clean energy procurement strategies.

A global clean energy transition will also require increased supplies of minerals that power more-sustainable technologies. This rise in demand has the potential to benefit millions through inclusive economic growth—if managed responsibly to prevent corruption and resource exploitation in “green” mineral-rich countries. We partnered with the U.S. Agency for International Development, the BHP Foundation, and the Chandler Foundation to deliver the Powering a Just Energy Transition Green Minerals Challenge (JET Minerals Challenge). The challenge seeks to catalyze the development, application, and scaling of innovations to strengthen transparency and counter corruption in critical mineral supply chains.

Related Downloads
  • Economic Impact of Amazon Investment in Renewables Methodology
    Learn about the economic impact of our investment in renewables.
  • Renewable Energy Methodology
    Learn more about how we calculate our renewable energy use.
  • Renewable Energy Assurance Statement
    Read our Renewable Energy Assurance Statement from our third-party auditor, Apex.
  • Devices Renewable Energy Assurance Statement
    Read our Devices Renewable Energy Assurance Statement from our third-party auditor, Apex.
Read the Latest Sustainability News
2022 Report Cover JPEG
Download Our Report
2022 Sustainability Report