Amazon’s corporate carbon footprint quantifies the total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions attributed to our direct and indirect operational activities. With this carbon footprint, we measured our total impact on the climate, mapped the largest activities contributing to this impact, and used this information to develop meaningful reduction goals, including our overall goal to reach net zero carbon across Amazon by 2040. We included emissions from Amazon-operated and third-party freight, electricity use, Amazon-branded products, capital goods, business travel, packaging, customer trips to Amazon’s stores, and other purchased goods and services. This system boundary meets the widely adopted international standards (GHG Protocol and ISO 14064) and was externally assured by Bureau Veritas.
Amazon's enterprise-wide carbon footprint for the 2018 fiscal year
|Category||Million Metric Tons (mmt) CO2e|
|Emissions from Direct Operations||4.98|
|Emissions from Indirect Sources||34.71|
|Corporate purchases and Amazon-branded product emissions (e.g., operating expenses, business travel, and Amazon-branded product manufacturing, use phase, and end-of-life)||11.95|
|Other indirect emissions (e.g., third-party transportation, packaging, upstream energy related)||13.89|
|Lifecycle emissions from customer trips to Amazon's physical stores||4.23|
|Amazon's Total Footprint||44.40|
Amazon's carbon intensity metric, measured as grams carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) per dollar of Gross Merchandise Sales (GMS), equals 128.9 g CO2e per dollar (USD).