Sustainability in the cloud
AWS is committed to running our business in the most environmentally-friendly way possible. As part of Amazon’s commitment to achieving 100% renewable energy, AWS exceeded 50% renewable energy usage for 2018.
Sustainability in the cloud
Sustainability in the cloud

Amazon Web Services: sustainability in the cloud

Renewable energy map
Amazon’s renewable energy projects are expected to generate more than 2,900,000 megawatt hours of renewable energy each year.
Timeline
Learn how AWS is working to achieve its goal of 100% renewable energy.
  • AWS solar panels
    August 2019
    AWS announced two new renewable energy projects in Europe and the U.S. Amazon’s second renewable energy project in the Republic of Ireland and seventh in the Commonwealth of Virginia are expected to produce approximately 168,000 megawatt hours of clean energy annually.
  • AWS announced three new wind farms—one in Ireland, one in Sweden, and one in the U.S. When complete, these projects are expected to generate 670,000 megawatt hours of renewable energy annually. Read more
  • AWS wind farm
    2018
    AWS exceeded 50% renewable energy usage for 2018.
  • AWS solar panels
    December 2017
    Five solar farms that AWS previously announced are now in operation in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Together with Amazon Solar Farm U.S. East, the six solar farms bring 260 megawatts of renewable energy capacity onto the grid.
  • AWS solar panels
    November 2016
    AWS announced five new solar farms across the Commonwealth of Virginia—these solar farms join the company’s existing project, Amazon Solar Farm U.S. East, which went into production in October 2016. Amazon worked with developers Virginia Solar LLC and Community Energy Solar on the projects and will further collaborate with an affiliate of Dominion Resources, Inc. to own and operate the solar farms.
  • AWS solar panels
    October 2016
    Amazon Solar Farm U.S. East is now in production in Accomack County, Virginia. The 80 megawatt solar farm is expected to generate approximately 170,000 megawatt hours of solar power annually.
  • AWS solar panels
    June 2016
    AWS and Dominion Virginia Power join forces on a landmark renewable energy delivery deal. With this, Dominion Virginia Power will manage and integrate the energy produced from various Amazon wind and solar farm projects onto the grid that serves AWS datacenters.
  • Amazon joined Apple, Google, and Microsoft in filing an Amicus Brief that supports the continued implementation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Power Plan (CPP) and discusses the technology industry’s growing desire for affordable renewable energy across the U.S. Read the brief here
  • Amazon Wind Farm Fowler Ridge launched, marking the first of our four announced renewable energy projects to move into full operation.
  • AWS announced that it has contracted with EDP Renewables to construct and operate Amazon Wind Farm U.S. Central.
  • Amazon joined The Buyers’ Principles to collaborate with more than 40 other companies on making clean energy solutions more affordable and accessible to all. Learn more about The Buyers' Principles
  • AWS announced that it has contracted with Iberdrola Renewables, LLC to construct and operate Amazon Wind Farm U.S. East.
  • AWS announced that it has teamed with Community Energy, Inc. to construct and operate Amazon Solar Farm U.S. East. Read the press release
  • AWS solar panels
    April 2015
    Amazon announced that it has joined the American Council on Renewable Energy (ACORE) and will participate in the U.S. Partnership for Renewable Energy Finance (U.S. PREF) to increase its work with state and federal policymakers and other stakeholders to enable more renewable energy opportunities for cloud providers.
  • Amazon Wind Farm Indiana – Fowler Ridge
    January 2015
    AWS announced it has teamed with Pattern Development to construct and operate Amazon Wind Farm Fowler Ridge.
  • Amazon Wind Farm Indiana – Fowler Ridge
    November 2014
    AWS shared its long-term commitment to achieve 100% renewable energy usage for the global AWS infrastructure footprint.
  • August 2019
  • April 2019
  • 2018
  • December 2017
  • November 2016
  • October 2016
  • June 2016
  • April 2016
  • January 2016
  • November 2015
  • September 2015
  • July 2015
  • June 2015
  • April 2015
  • January 2015
  • November 2014
An illustration of the benefits of cloud computing and AWS
Cloud efficiency
"Our results show that AWS’s infrastructure is 3.6 times more energy efficient than the median of the surveyed U.S. enterprise data centers. More than two-thirds of this advantage is attributable to the combination of a more energy efficient server population and much higher server utilization. AWS data centers are also more energy efficient than enterprise sites due to comprehensive efficiency programs that touch every facet of the facility.

When we factor in the carbon intensity of consumed electricity and renewable energy purchases, which reduce associated carbon emissions, AWS performs the same task with an 88% lower carbon footprint."

Source: 451 Research, 2019, All Rights Reserved.
AWS has multiple initiatives to improve our water use efficiency and reduce the use of potable (drinking) water for cooling data centers.
The Amazon Sustainability Data Initiative enables important climate-related research.
Customer case studies
Amazon customers are doing critical work in the cloud to support sustainability practices.
Latest news
See how we put our scale and inventive culture to work on building a sustainable future.