AWS is the world’s most comprehensive and broadly adopted cloud offering, with millions of global users depending on it every day. To build a sustainable business for our customers and for the world we all share, we’re designing data centers that provide the efficient, resilient service our customers expect while minimizing our environmental footprint—and theirs.
Our sustainability work includes enhancing energy efficiency, transitioning to renewable energy, reducing embodied carbon, using water responsibly, driving a circular economy, and enabling sustainability for customers.
We focus on efficiency across all aspects of our infrastructure, from the design of our data centers and hardware, to modeling the performance of our operations for continuous enhanced efficiency. By continuously improving our efficiency, we can reduce the amount of energy needed to operate our data centers.
We are determined to be inventive and relentless, as we work to make the cloud the cleanest and the most energy-efficient way to run all of your infrastructure and your business.
We’re on a path to powering our operations with 100% renewable energy by 2025, as part of our commitment to reaching net-zero carbon emissions by 2040. In 2022, 90% of the electricity consumed by Amazon was attributable to renewable energy sources. Our renewable energy investments help power our data centers around the world.
Explore our global projects using the map below.
We contract for renewable power from utility scale wind and solar projects that add clean energy to the grid. These new renewable energy projects support hundreds of jobs while providing hundreds of millions of dollars of investment in local communities. We also may choose to support these grids through the purchase of environmental attributes, like Renewable Energy Certificates and Guarantees of Origin, in line with our Renewable Energy Methodology.
In 2022, the electricity consumed in the following 19 AWS Regions was attributable to 100% renewable energy:
- U.S. East (Northern Virginia)
- GovCloud (U.S. East)
- U.S. East (Ohio)
- U.S. West (Oregon)
- GovCloud (U.S. West)
- U.S. West (Northern California)
- Canada (Central)
- Europe (Ireland)
- Europe (Frankfurt)
- Europe (London)
- Europe (Milan)
- Europe (Paris)
- Europe (Stockholm)
- Europe (Spain)
- Europe (Zurich)
- Asia-Pacific (Mumbai)
- Asia-Pacific (Hyderabad)
- China (Beijing)
- China (Ningxia)
We’re focused on reducing the indirect emissions associated with building AWS data centers and the manufacturing of our hardware.
We’re reducing emissions related to server use and networking equipment by increasing the lifespan of servers.
This includes refining our software to run more efficiently, which lowers stress on hardware and extends its useful life. Since 2020, AWS has delivered software updates that have extended useful server life from three years to five years. In 2022, we extended AWS server life from four years to five years and networking equipment from five years to six years. To support these efforts, AWS has a robust maintenance and repair program designed to increase component reuse and further reduce carbon emissions and waste across our supply chain.
To help prevent our equipment from ending up in landfills and avoid associated emissions, we are investing in responsible end of life management systems. We use reverse logistics hubs to evaluate and reuse electronic equipment in our global data center fleet. These hubs help us consolidate, assess, and recirculate functional equipment back into our inventory. When we no longer have use for equipment, we remove all customer data and sell the equipment on the secondary market for reuse or work with a network of experienced vendors to recycle parts.
Our customer carbon footprint tool uses simple visualizations to show customers their historical carbon emissions, estimate emissions avoided by using AWS instead of an on-premises data center, and review forecasted emissions based on their current use. The forecast also shows how customers’ footprints will change as we stay on the path to powering our operations with 100% renewable energy by 2025.
The Amazon Sustainability Data Initiative (ASDI) accelerates sustainability research and innovation by minimizing the cost and time required to acquire and analyze large sustainability datasets. ASDI also provides cloud grants to those interested in exploring the use of AWS’ technology and scalable infrastructure to solve big, long-term sustainability challenges with this data. The dual-pronged approach allows sustainability researchers to analyze massive amounts of data in mere minutes, regardless of where they are in the world or how much local storage space or computing capacity they can access.
Explore Resources to Get Involved in ASDI:
For additional information about ASDI, contact us by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.