Sustainability in the Cloud
AWS is the world’s most comprehensive and broadly adopted cloud offering, with millions of global users depending on it every day. To build a sustainable business for our customers and for the world we all share, we’re designing data centers that provide the efficient, resilient service our customers expect while minimizing our environmental footprint—and theirs.
We focus on efficiency across all aspects of our infrastructure, from the design of our data centers and hardware to modeling the performance of our operations for continually enhanced efficiency.
Our new customer carbon footprint tool uses simple visualizations to show customers their historical carbon emissions, estimate emissions avoided by using AWS instead of an on-premises data center, and review forecasted emissions based on their current use. The forecast shows how customers’ footprints will change as Amazon stays on path to powering its operations with 100% renewable energy by 2025, five years earlier than the original target of 2030, and drives toward net-zero carbon by 2040.
We’re on a path to powering our operations with 100% renewable energy by 2025.
Our renewable energy investments help power our data centers, as part of our commitment to reach net-zero carbon across our operations by 2040. Explore our global renewable energy projects using the map below.
To achieve our goal of powering our operations with 100% renewable energy by 2025—five years ahead of our original 2030 target—Amazon contracts for renewable power from utility scale wind and solar projects that add clean energy to the grid. These new renewable projects support hundreds of jobs while providing hundreds of millions of dollars of investment in local communities. We also may choose to support these grids through the purchase of environmental attributes, like Renewable Energy Certificates and Guarantees of Origin, in line with our Renewable Energy Methodology.
As a result, in 2021, the following AWS Regions were powered by over 95% renewable energy:
- US East (Northern Virginia)
- GovCloud (US-East)
- US East (Ohio)
- US West (Oregon)
- GovCloud (US-West)
- US West (Northern California)
- Canada (Central)
- Europe (Ireland)
- Europe (Frankfurt)
- Europe (London)
- Europe (Milan)
- Europe (Paris)
- Europe (Stockholm)
Steel is one of the largest contributors of embodied carbon in the structure of AWS data centers and we’re lowering these emissions by working with mills using electric arc furnace production processes. Unlike conventional steel produced from primary materials, coal, and gas, our suppliers are using up to 100% recycled content and are powered by electricity only, reducing embodied carbon up to 70%.
Additionally, our design standards now require concrete with a 20% reduction in embodied carbon versus standard concrete for new U.S. data centers, and we’re expanding this requirement globally.