Transitioning to renewable energy is one of the most impactful ways to lower carbon emissions. As part of our commitment to reach net-zero carbon, we’re on a path to powering our operations with 100% renewable energy by 2025—five years ahead of our original target of 2030. To reach this target, we want 100% of the electricity that we use to be attributable to renewable energy sources.
By scaling renewable energy, we aim to make Amazon a more resilient, sustainable business and drive a global transition to cleaner energy. To reach our target, we aim to have 100% of the electricity that we use to be attributable to renewable energy sources. We contract renewable power from utility-scale wind and solar projects that add clean energy to the grid. Many of these projects are enabled by long-term contracts such as power purchase agreements for large projects in the same energy grids as our electricity use. Energy load forecasts help guide our procurement decisions.
Shifting to renewable energy requires a targeted, multifaceted approach. We’re taking actions to achieve our goal in the following ways:
- Energy Efficiency: We innovate to continuously improve the energy efficiency of our operations and devices.
- Scaling Renewable Energy: We invest in on-site renewables, through rooftop solar installations on buildings we operate, and off-site, through new, utility-scale wind and solar projects. We also participate in green tariff programs with utilities and pursue new renewable projects through competitive site energy contracts.
- Energy Storage Solutions: We are expanding renewable energy storage capacity to help support grid transitions to 100% renewables.
- Energy Optimization: We’re improving data collection and analysis to better understand operational energy requirements. This informs our renewable procurement decisions and energy optimization initiatives.
- Advocating for Renewable Energy Solutions: We engage in public policy that advances access to and the expansion of clean energy for Amazon and our customers.
Hear more about our approach to renewable energy from Chris Roe, Amazon’s Director of Energy and Sustainable Operations.
We have more than 400 renewable energy projects across the globe, including wind farms, solar farms, and rooftop solar projects on buildings we operate. These projects will supply renewable electricity across our business, including operations facilities, corporate offices, physical stores, AWS data centers, and all financially integrated subsidiaries that support millions of customers globally.
Explore our global renewable energy projects using the map below.
Bringing new clean energy sources to market are not the only reason Amazon makes investments in renewable energy – the projects can also generate real economic growth in the communities in which these solar and wind farms are developed and operated.
We announced several new solar projects in India, for a total of six utility-scale renewable projects in the country. Collectively, these are expected to have a capacity of 420 megawatts once operational. We also announced utility-scale projects in the U.S., Japan, Germany, Finland, France, Poland, Singapore, and Spain.
In 2020, Amazon became the first consumer electronics company to commit to addressing device electricity use through renewable energy development, starting with our Echo devices. We’re making additional large-scale investments in wind and solar farm capacity to produce the clean energy equivalent to the electricity used by all Echos, Fire TV, and Ring devices worldwide by 2025. We’re also working with suppliers to increase their use of renewable energy in manufacturing Amazon devices.
We have a unique role to play in supporting a just, equitable, and sustainable clean energy transition. In 2022, Amazon became a founding member of Beyond the Megawatt—an initiative by the Clean Energy Buyers Institute to maximize the environmental and social benefits of the clean energy transition. As a member, we support Beyond the Megawatt’s efforts to address resilience, social equity, and environmental protection issues by scaling impact-oriented clean energy procurement strategies.
A global clean energy transition will also require increased supplies of minerals that power more-sustainable technologies. This rise in demand has the potential to benefit millions through inclusive economic growth—if managed responsibly to prevent corruption and resource exploitation in “green” mineral-rich countries. We partnered with the U.S. Agency for International Development, the BHP Foundation, and the Chandler Foundation to deliver the Powering a Just Energy Transition Green Minerals Challenge (JET Minerals Challenge). The challenge seeks to catalyze the development, application, and scaling of innovations to strengthen transparency and counter corruption in critical mineral supply chains.
Economic Impact of Amazon Investment in Renewables MethodologyLearn about the economic impact of our investment in renewables.
Renewable Energy MethodologyLearn more about how we calculate our renewable energy use.
Renewable Energy Assurance StatementRead our Renewable Energy Assurance Statement from our third-party auditor, Apex.
Devices Renewable Energy Assurance StatementRead our Devices Renewable Energy Assurance Statement from our third-party auditor, Apex.